Trumpington Village Sign unveiled June 2010, designed by Sheila Betts.
Trumpington Local History Group
Trumpington at War, 1914-18: as
seen through Newspaper Reports
Copyright © Trumpington Local History Group, 2017. Updated 3 December 2017.
Email:
admin@trumpingtonlocalhistorygroup.org
Wendy Roberts

At the
meeting of the Local History Group on 16 November 2017, Wendy
Roberts talked about newspaper reports which described experiences of
Trumpington men and women in World War I. Wendy was assisted by
Andrew Roberts, Randall Evans and Edmund Brookes, who read extracts
from the papers. Wendy is a retired academic librarian who has been
researching Trumpington and the War.
Introduction

In November 2014, a group of us started work on the Imperial War Museum (IWM) Lives of
the First World War database, building up records about Trumpington men who had served in
the forces. The sources we used were the Village Hall Roll of Honour plaque; military records
(aware that 60% of the WWI service records had been lost in 1940, when a bomb landed on the
War Office, where they were stored); information from parish magazines; Ken Fletcher’s
‘Trumpington’s Fallen Heroes of World War I’ booklet; and Howard Slatter’s extensive
Trumpington families’ database.

However, this article is primarily based on information gathered from newspapers at the
Cambridgeshire Collection and the British Newspaper Archive database. These findings from
newspapers give an idea of the recruitment of the Trumpington men and their military careers
and also of war time activities of older men and some women of Trumpington.


Recruitment
Wendy Roberts,
November 2017.
Cambridge Chronicle,
29 December 1915, p. 7.
Wendy Roberts, November 2017.
Cambridge Chronicle, 29 December 1915, p. 7.
This photograph is of six Cambridge Boys,
capturing a quiet moment at the Front. It was
sent from France in December 1915 and is of
members of ‘A’ Company, 1st
Cambridgeshire Regiment.

It includes Albert Mynott of Trumpington
(front right). He lived with his parents next to
the Coach and Horses, now the Wok 'n' Grill.
Great Britain declared war on Germany at 11
o'clock at night on 4th August 1914. Lord
Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State of
War. Ten days later there was an item in the
Cambridge Independent Press (Friday 14
August 1914):

On Lord Kitchener’s Appeal. For 100,000
Men. And the formation of Second Regular
Army. Lord Kitchener wanted a larger fighting
force. The item described early plans for
Cambridgeshire. A County Recruiting
Campaign proceeded ….
Cambridge Independent Press, Friday 14 August 1914.
Cambridge Independent Press, Friday 14
August 1914.
[Cambridge Independent Press, 28 August 1914, p. 6.
This involved a round of recruitment meetings in places such as Cambridge, Newmarket,
Grantchester and Trumpington, and detailed accounts were published.

The meeting in Trumpington was held in the Village Hall on 24th August 1914. Men in the
village between the ages of 19 and 30 had been invited to attend. In summary of the meeting,
rousing speeches were given by Mr Vinter, Major Morley, Lieutenant Chaplin and Colour
Sergeant Ranson. It was stated Trumpington had a population of 720, of whom 68 to 70 men
came within the ages of 19 and 30 years and hence eligible for Kitchener’s Second Army. Mr
Vinter said he thought that it was going to be a long war. Colour Sergeant Ranson, of the Corn
Exchange Recruiting Station, gave particulars of the services, and the procedure upon and
immediately after enlistment. He said that a man was free to join what regiment he wished,
providing he was up to the standard in that regiment. They were not forced to join anything but
what they pleased. ... An appeal was made for recruits after the meeting, and six applications
were made for enlistment.
Cambridge Independent Press, 28 August 1914, p. 6.
Trumpington men named in the Cambridge Chronicle, 11 September 1914, p. 6.
Lists of men who joined up
were published in the
Cambridge Chronicle and
Cambridge Independent Press
and these are the Trumpington
men I found among the first
who enlisted at the Corn
Exchange from August 1914.
Trumpington men named in the Cambridge Chronicle, 11
September 1914, p. 6.
The position in the list probably indicates the order in which they enlisted.

1st column:
Reginald Cousins (19) agricultural labourer

2nd column
Robert Rayner (18) gardener
Bertrum Trigg (17) gardener
Herbert Green (23) gardener
Three gardeners, including Mrs Audrey King’s father, Robert Rayner, probably enlisted together.
Bernard Trigg was just 17 years old: young men could join the Special Reserve at 17 yr to
receive some military training until they were older and ready for general and foreign service.
Christopher Gowland (20) cycle mechanic
Christopher Gowland also appeared under the 'Roll of Honour of Members of the Cambridge
Town Silver Prize Band’: 15 members were listed including “Private C. Gowland, euphonium,
7th Suffolk Regt., in France”. (
Cambridge Independent Press, Friday 17 September 1915, p. 8.)

3rd column
Frank Peters (26) labourer

5th column
Albert Mynott (19) draper’s assistant
Robert Wilson (29) carter
Frederick Brown (26) labourer

Several of the
above men are referred to again in this article.
Cambridge Independent Press, 20 November 1914, p. 8.
Each week, lists of men who had recently enlisted at the
Cambridge Corn Exchange continued to be published. For
example, the list on 20 November 1914 had four
Trumpington names:

Anthony Isaacson (23) miller, Trumpington
Frederick Chamberlain (21) gardener, Trumpington
William Flack (23) milkman, Trumpington
William Sotherton Parker (19) gardener, Trumpington
Cambridge Independent Press,
20 November 1914, p. 8.
Cambridge Chronicle, 27 November 1914, p. 7.
The ‘District News’ page of the Cambridge
Chronicle
, 27 November 1914, had an
update about recruiting.

Recruiting – This is proceeding briskly here
now, and on Monday several of our young
men journeyed to London, and we
understand some of them were accepted for
the R.F.A. [Royal Field Artillery] … Hurrah
Trumpington!
Cambridge Chronicle, 27 November 1914, p. 7.
In addition to the well known posters
such as ‘Britons – [Lord Kitchener]
Wants You’, cartoons in newspapers
were used to encourage recruitment.
Cartoons were published even on
Christmas Day 1914.

Britons!! When your country is in
danger. The Post of Honour is in the
Firing Line. Enlist today…
Cambridge Chronicle, 25 December 1914, p. 3.
Cambridge Chronicle,
25 December 1914, p. 3.
Cambridge Independent Press, 15 January 1915, p. 1.
There was a front page announcement on 15
January 1915:

Your King & Country need another 100,000
men.
Terms of service – extension of age limit – now
age on enlistment 19 to 38.
Minimum height 5’ 4” ...
Enlist for the duration of the War …

(The height restriction had been raised from 5’
3” to 5’ 6” when authorities could not cope
with the early flood of recruits, now it was
being reduced to 5' 4''.)
Cambridge Independent Press,
15 January 1915, p. 1.
On 5 February 1915, the Cambridge Chronicle
had an update on local recruitment.

Recruiting. Recruits still continue to go from this
village. The number has reached fifty.

The report also had evidence that normal
activities continued in the village: Parish Council
meeting report – 2 payments due and Clerk was
instructed to draw the notice of the Rural
District Council to the dangerous state of the
Bradsley Bridge [sic] and to ask the County
Council to erect the sign post on the Cross Hill,
which had been down for nearly two years!
(Brasley Bridge was built in 1790, rebuilt 1952,
rebuilt again 2015 causing inconvenience when
the road to Grantchester was closed for a long
time. By coincidence the War Memorial was
later erected on Cross Hill.)
Cambridge Chronicle, 5 February 1915, p. 7.
Cambridge Chronicle, 5 February 1915, p. 7.
Active Service

On 18 September 1914, the Cambridge Chronicle had a list of Cambridgeshire men at present
on active service. These were chiefly Reserve men who had been called up.
Trumpington men named in the Cambridge Chronicle, 18 September 1914, p. 7.
Trumpington men named in the
Cambridge Chronicle, 18
September 1914, p. 7.
The Cambridge Chronicle on 22 January
1915 had a report about Trumpington Men
Home on Leave.

"One of the men who left this village on the
declaration of war, Mr W. E. Peters, a Royal
Marine, arrived home this week for a few
days' leave. He travelled all the way from
Aberdeen, being on a vessel using that port,
doing patrol duty, pulling up all vessels for
examination as to contraband. He is in
excellent health, and everyone was pleased to
see him. His accounts of the perils on mine
sweeping were vivid and picturesque."
[Cambridge Chronicle, 22 January 1915, p. 8.
Cambridge Chronicle, 22 January 1915, p. 8.
Photograph of Sergt A. Mynott, Trumpington (Cambs Regiment), Cambridge Chronicle, 12 September 1917, p. 7.
We have examples of ‘Letters from the Front’ published in newspapers. Here are three extracts
from letters, sent to parents.
Photograph of Sergt A. Mynott, Trumpington
(Cambs Regiment),
Cambridge Chronicle, 12
September 1917, p. 7.
April 1915, Private Albert Mynott, of the ‘A’
Company, 1st Cambridgeshire Regiment, in a
letter to his mother, says: …

"We had a taste of battle on Sunday night, and
I am glad to say that all from Trumpington are
quite safe. We were in the trenches all day
Sunday, and about 4.30 the Germans began to
shell us. The shells fell like rain, and we had to
retreat into another trench, and there we were
firing all night until we were relieved early on
Monday morning. We have lost several men,
but the Germans lost a lot. It is a sight to see
all the houses and churches knocked to pieces.
We are now having a few days' rest a decent
way from the firing line, and we are glad of it.
The parcels I had came just right, for you see
we were hungry after being in the trenches two
nights. I am glad to say I escaped unhurt.
Three of our chaps had narrow escapes.
Bullets passed through their hats and just
grazed their heads, and one had his rifle
smashed in his hands." Source:
Cambridge
Independent Press
, Friday 2 April 1915, p. 6.
Lance Corp. Frank Cracknell, Cambridgeshire Regiment, Cambridge Chronicle, 12 September 1917, p. 7.
 PTE CRACKNELL IN HOSPITAL

May 1915, Private Frank Cracknell, also of the
1st Cambridgeshire Regiment, writes from No.
2 Canadian Hospital in France as follows:



“I have been admitted into hospital, slightly
wounded in the thumb and leg by shrapnel, but
I am getting on well. There are several more
young fellows of my Company in the same
hospital. They are wounded, but they are
getting on very well. It happened that on a
Tuesday night we were sent out trench digging,
and had just started work, when the shell came
bursting in amongst us.” Source:
Cambridge
Independent Press
, Friday 14 May 1915, p. 6.
Lance Corp. Frank Cracknell, Cambridgeshire
Regiment,
Cambridge Chronicle, 12
September 1917, p. 7.
Bombardier B. C. M. King, Trumpington, (R. F. A.), Cambridge Chronicle, 18 October 1916, p. 7.
24 October 1915, Letter from Bombardier
Bertie  King, Royal Field Artillery, Attached
Brigade Headquarters, British Expeditionary
Force. To Mr & Mrs King, North Cottage,
Trumpington:

“Dear Mother and Father, - Just a few lines to
let you know that I am in the best of health.
You will see by above address that I am
attached to the Brigade Headquarters for the
time being, as mounted orderly. I have to carry
despatches about. The job is all right, but the
worst of it is we are likely to be called out any
moment of the night. It is all right riding about;
one thing you can see what is going on, but
you must not get in the way of the bullets! The
Germans blew up a mine under one of our first
line trenches to-day, and of course they had to
use some of their gas. I saw some of our chaps
brought in. They must have been in dreadful
agony. One thing being in the artillery, when
they use gas you do get a chance to get your
helmet on in time. I see by the ‘Chronicle’ you
sent me that you have had the Zeps over
London again, and rather a lot of lives lost.
Have not received parcel yet, but expect I shall
receive it tomorrow. Please do not forget to
send ‘Chronicle’ every week, as I like to read a
bit of local news.” Source:
Cambridge
Chronicle
, 3 November 1915 p. 6.
Bombardier B. C. M. King, Trumpington, (R.
F. A.),
Cambridge Chronicle, 18 October
1916, p. 7.
Volunteer Training Corps

Leaving the younger men of Trumpington for the moment, what about the older men?
Cambridge Chronicle, 27 November 1914, p. 7.
Cambridge Chronicle, 27 November 1914, p. 7.
On 11 December 1914, it was said
that a
Voluntary Training Corps is in
course of formation at Trumpington.
The Vicar (Dr Bury) presided at
meeting at the Institute. ...Mr Foster
[of Anstey Hall] offered to provide a
rifle range and courtyard for training.
Members, however, would have to
provide their own ammunition. Mr
P.R. Robinson [the schoolmaster]
was acting as hon. secretary.
[Cambridge Chronicle, 11 December 1914, p. 8.
Cambridge Chronicle, 11 December 1914, p. 8.
There was an update on 28 May
1915: Volunteer Training Corps - This
Corps, affiliated to the Central
Association of Volunteer Training
Corps, which is recognised by the
War Office - has been in training for a
period of six months. ...There was an
appeal for financial assistance to
provide uniforms and equipment. ...
Since its inception nine members have
joined His Majesty’s Forces.
[Some young men joined as cadets
until old enough to enlist for general.]
service.
Cambridge Chronicle, 28 May 1915, p. 6.
Cambridge Chronicle, 28 May 1915, p. 6.
In November 1915, the Cambridge Chronicle included a photograph of members of the V.T.C.
outside Anstey Hall. The men were named in the photo caption, including front middle - Lieut.
G.R.C. Foster (Pres.); Cadet Instructor Peel; Dr Bury (Vicar, Vice Pres.); P.R. Robinson (Sec.).
Cambridge Chronicle, 10 November 1915, p. 6.
Cambridge Chronicle, 10 November 1915, p. 6.
The Voluntary Training Corps was an
active group and took part in shooting
matches against teams, such as the
Suffolk Yeomonry, and also held Inter-
Platoon matches. The Cambridge
Independent Press published the
results of shooting matches – on 25
June 1915 against the MA section of
the University Officer Training Corps.
The Trumpington V.T.C. team
included Dr Bury - Vicar, Percy
Robinson – school master, and  high
scoring Robert Smith (father of Mary
Raeburn Smith, who lived on Shelford
Road, and did paintings of wild
flowers, etc.).
Cambridge Independent Press, 25 June 1915, p. 7.
On 27 November 1914, the
Cambridge Chronicle had a report
that a company of 'old crocks' – i.e.
men over the military age – will be
organised. Rumoured that an
excellent site has been kindly offered
for the purpose of drilling and that a
miniature rifle range will be
established in the parish for use of
members. This was to be a
Volunteer Home Defence Militia.
Cambridge Independent Press,
25 June 1915, p. 7.
Trumpington: Walter E. Peters (retired from
the services hence a Marine Reserve);
Herbert Chapman (compositor at Cambridge
University Press, member of the Territorial
Force and mobilised with the
Cambridgeshires); George F. Utteridge;
Ernest Hay.
The Trumpington V.T.C. took on a range of duties – a photograph in November 1915
showed members of the Trumpington V.T.C., Patrol No. 3, on duty guarding a railway bridge. It
is still possible to see, in Trumpington Meadows Country Park, the position of the railway line
and where the bridge crossed the river.
[Cambridge Chronicle, 17 November 1915, p. 7.
Cambridge Chronicle, 17 November 1915, p. 7.
On 16 February 1917, there was a report of another duty, Emergency "Call" on Volunteers.
"Yes, they were quite ready. An aeroplane having descended in the district, the police asked for
an armed guard to be sent to do duty through the night. Within 20 minutes all the emergency
men in the village had been acquainted of the "call" and told to be in readiness, and the first
guard in uniform, with arms and ammunition, were ready to proceed to duty, when a message
was received stating that their services were not required." Source:
Cambridge Independent
Press
, Friday 16 February 1917, p. 8.


First Roll of Honour

As the men of military age joined the services, a decision was made to gather their names to be
displayed on a board in the parish church.

A year after the start of the war … on 29th August 1915, the Vicar (the Rev. Dr R. G. Bury)
unveiled the village Roll of Honour board. The names of sixty-nine Trumpington men were
inscribed on the board, which had been erected near the west door of the church.
Cambridge Chronicle, 3 September 1915, p. 8.
Cambridge Chronicle, 3 September 1915, p. 8.
Captain Francis Pemberton. Undated photo. The Pemberton family.
The Vicar read out the names and included were the names of two men who had already fallen
in action.
The first was Captain Pemberton, who died in October
1914. He was the Great Uncle of Mr Antony Pemberton.

Captain Pemberton Killed at the Front. First
Cambridgeshire Officer to Fall.

“Deep regret has been caused throughout Cambridgeshire
by the official news that Captain Francis Percy Campbell
Pemberton, of the 2nd Life Guards, only son of Canon and
Mrs Pemberton, of Trumpington Hall, was killed in action
near Roulers on Monday October 19th. The news was
conveyed to members of the deceased officer’s family on
Friday evening. His Majesty the King, who is Colonel-in-
Chief of the Regiment, and Her Majesty the Queen, have
telegraphed their deepest sympathy to Canon and Mrs
Pemberton.
Captain Pemberton, who was 29 years of age, was
educated at Trinity College, Cambridge. He entered the
Army in 1907, and received his captaincy in August last. In
May 1912 he was seconded from his regiment (the 2nd
Life Guards) to take up duties of cavalry instructor to the
Oxford and Cambridge Officers’ Training Corps. The
appointment would have expired next March, but on the
declaration of war he was recalled to his regiment.

Capt. Pemberton is the first Trumpington man who has
fallen in the war. He is also the first Cambridgeshire officer
who has died for his country in this great struggle.”
Source:
Cambridge Chronicle, 30 October 1914.
Captain Francis Pemberton.
Undated photo by Hills Saunders,
Eton. Written on mount: In
affectionate remembrance of
Captain Francis Pemberton, 2nd
Life Guards, killed in action at the
head of his Troop near Roulers
19th October 1914. The
Pemberton family.
Pte. Herbert William Green, of the 7th Suffolks, Cambridge Independent Press, 27 August 1915, p. 6.
The second was Herbert Green, the gardener, who had
enlisted with two of his colleagues at the Corn Exchange in
August/September 1914. He died in July 1915.

Private Herbert William Green, of the 7th Suffolks, who
died of wounds received in action in France.

"Pte. Herbert William Green, of the 7th Suffolks, who died
of wounds received in action in France on July 20th. Pte.
Green, who was under-gardener to Lieut. G. R. C. Foster,
of Anstey Hall, answered to his country's call in the early
days of the war. He was of a happy disposition, and was a
general favourite." Source:
Cambridge Independent Press,
Friday 27 August 1915, p. 6.
Pte. Herbert William Green, of the
7th Suffolks,
Cambridge
Independent Press
, 27 August
1915, p. 6.
Private Arthur C. Haslop, Royal Garrison Artillery, Cambridge Independent Press, 17 September 1915, p. 6.
A week later, at the church service on Sunday 5th
September 1915, news was given of another soldier’s death:

Private Arthur Charles Haslop, of Trumpington.
"Private Arthur C. Haslop, Royal Army Medical Corps,
54th East Anglian Casualty Clearing Station, was on board
the Royal Edward when the transport was torpedoed in the
Aegean on 13 August. He is reported to be missing and is
believed to have been drowned. Son of Mr and Mrs
Haslop, of 47 Alpha Terrace, Trumpington. He was
employed as a gardener at Trumpington Hall for about nine
years. Although rejected at his first attempt to join the
forces on account of his height, he was successful on his
second application. Haslop was one of the first batch of
men in Cambridgeshire to join the Voluntary Aid
Detachment when the organisation was started. He was
very keen and obtained the medallion of the St. John
Ambulance Association for proficiency. His general
disposition and willingness to help in any organisation
pertaining to the welfare of the village made him a great
favourite.
A touching reference to his death was made by the Vicar in
church on Sunday last and at the end of the service the
Dead March was played. Haslop was 27 years of age."
Sources:
Cambridge Independent Press, Friday 10
September 1915, p. 5;
Cambridge Chronicle, 17
September 1915, p. 8.
Private Arthur C. Haslop, Royal
Garrison Artillery,
Cambridge
Independent Press
, 17 September
1915, p. 6.
Chesterton Military Service Tribunals

Lord Kitchener’s campaign had encouraged over one million men to enlist by January 1915. But
this was not enough to keep pace with mounting casualties. Conscription was introduced in 1916.
Military service tribunals were established at which men could apply for exemption on various
grounds such as involved in work of national importance, business or domestic hardship, medical
unfitness, and conscientious objection.

Reports of appeals made to the Chesterton Tribunal were published and some give a surprising
amount of detail about local businesses. The first example from June 1916 covers Sheldrick’s
sawmill of Alpha Terrace.
Cambridge Independent Press, 16 June 1916, p. 6.
“Messrs Sheldrick and Son, of Trumpington,
applied for exemption for three men. The first
was Mr A. W. Sheldrick, the junior partner of
the firm, circular saw sharpener, circular
sawyer, etc.. Mr A. V. Clements stated the
case, and said the firm was engaged in making
ammunition box ends, partitions and
ammunition slings, etc. and had a contract for
supplying coffin boards to the undertaker who
supplied all the military coffins in Cambridge.
Mr Sheldrick, junior. had the supervision of the
workshop. - Six months' exemption was
granted. The second man was George
Chapman, employed in breaking up mill timber,
and the third was Richard J. Wilson, the only
skilled timber feller and hauler in the employ of
the firm. - Chapman was granted conditional
exemption and Wilson was granted a month's
exemption.” Source:
Cambridge Independent
Press
, 16 June 1916, p. 6.
Cambridge Independent Press,
16 June 1916, p. 6.
Reports from January 1917 give some
information about Anstey Hall Farm and
Trumpington laundries, plus a role of the
Volunteer Training Corps.

“Mr Foster, Trumpington, applied for Robert
Wilson, married, four children, ploughman and
general labourer on a farm of 470 acres, on
which are nine men and a boy. There are five
ploughmen to 12 working horses. – Mr A. V.
Clements stated the case – Exemption was
given for six months, conditional on the man
joining the Volunteer Force.
John Charles Galley, carrier and slaughterman,
Trumpington, applied on business grounds. --
Mr A. V. Clements supported the application,
and stated that the applicant carried for six
laundries. –Exemption was granted for six
months, conditional on his joining the
Volunteer Force.” Source:
Cambridge
Independent Press
, Friday 19 January 1917, p.
6.

In John Galley’s next appeal, it was reported
that there were 27 laundries in Trumpington.
Source:
Cambridge Independent Press, 17
August 1917, p. 3.
Cambridge Independent Press, 19 January 1917, p. 6.
Cambridge Independent Press,
19 January 1917, p. 6.
News of Active Service

100 years ago many Trumpington men were on active service abroad and a number had fought
in the Third Battle of Ypres, Passchendaele [31st July – 6 November 1917].
TRUMPINGTON

News was received in Trumpington by Mrs Metcalfe of 6
North Terrace, October 1917.

Private Michael Charles Metcalfe    
“News was received yesterday (Thursday) by Mrs M. C.
Metcalfe of 6 North Terrace, Trumpington, that her
husband, Pte Michael Charles Metcalfe, Cambs Regiment,
had been killed during an attack in France on Wednesday,
September 26th. The following letter announcing the death
has been received from Corporal A. H. Merry of
Cherryhinton, Cambs Regiment: “Dear Mrs Metcalfe. It is
with deep regret and heartfelt sympathy that I write these
few lines to inform you of your dear husband’s death. He
was killed by a sniper during an attack which we made on
September 26th. I was standing beside him at the time. I am
quite certain that he suffered no pain. His belongings I am
sending to you. I can assure you that Charles was a great
chum of all in the company and that everyone here will miss
him greatly. He was every inch a soldier, and he is now
resting in peace with some more of his brave comrades,
who have made the great sacrifice. I cannot express to you
my sincere sympathy enough, as he and I were the greatest
chums, but I trust that God will bear you up under the great
strain of your sad bereavement.” Pte. Metcalfe was 32
years of age, and leaves a widow and six children (ages 11
years to 1). Previous to enlistment he was employed as
gardener to Mr Hopkinson, Adams Road, Cambridge. Two
of his brothers have been killed in the present war.” Source:
Cambridge Independent Press, Friday, 5 October 1917, p.
5.
Commemoration of Private Michael Charles Metcalfe, Cambridgeshire Regiment, died 26 September 1917. Cambridge Independent Press, 29 March 1918, p. 6.
Commemoration of Private
Michael Charles Metcalfe,
Cambridgeshire Regiment, died
26 September 1917.
Cambridge
Independent Press
, 29 March
1918, p. 6.
However, not all war news that appeared in the Trumpington section of the newspaper was of
reports of loss of life. This item was published exactly 100 years ago, on 16 November 1917.
“Official news has been received that Ptes. J.
Peters, of the Norfolks, and A. Medhurst, of
the Cambs., are reported as missing, the former
since October 14th and the latter from
September 26th. The relatives of the above will
be grateful for any news of them from
comrades.” Source:
Cambridge Independent
Press
, Friday 16 November 1917, p. 5.
[Cambridge Independent Press, Friday 16 November 1917, p. 5.
Cambridge Independent Press,
Friday 16 November 1917, p. 5.
In May 1918, Mr and Mrs Starr reported news
of their son, Allen.

"Pte. A. T. Starr, Suffolk Regt., eldest son of
Mr and Mrs A. Starr, of Alpha Terrace,
Trumpington, who was reported wounded on
the 28th March, has sent a card stating that he
is wounded and a prisoner of war in Germany.
Writing to Mrs A. Starr, his officer says: "He
was acting as my servant at the time, and was
wounded in the chest by a piece of shell, but he
left me shortly after we dressed him to go to a
dug-out. That was the last I saw of him. I trust
you will be able to get some better news of him
before long, as he was an excellent fellow in
every way." Before the war Pte. Starr was
employed by the County Council as a
roadman." Source:
Cambridge Independent
Press
, Friday 10 May 1918, p. 5.
[Cambridge Independent Press, Friday, 5 October 1917, p. 5.
Cambridge Independent Press,
Friday, 5 October 1917, p. 5.
Private Allen Thomas Starr, Suffolk Regiment, Prisoner of War. Cambridge Independent Press, 6 September 1918, p. 6.
Private Allen Thomas Starr, Suffolk
Regiment, Prisoner of War.
Cambridge Independent Press, 6
September 1918, p. 6.
Using the newspapers and other sources, a list
of Prisoners of War has been produced.

It includes John Peters and Albert Medhurst,
who had been reported missing; and Robert
Rayner –previously noted enlisting early at the
Corn Exchange with his two colleagues. He was
the father of Mrs Audrey King.
Trumpington Prisoners of War, World War 1.
A list of Trumpington men who received
Military Awards or Decorations has also been
produced, again drawn from various sources.

The list includes Ernest Chapman – brother of
Herbert Chapman, compositor, CUP; Reginald
Cousins – 19, agric. lab. early enlistment at Corn
Exchange; and Albert Mynott – draper’s
assistant – enlistment at Corn Exchange 1914
and Letter from the Front.
[Military Awards and Decorations received by Trumpington men, World War 1.
Military Awards and Decorations
received by Trumpington men,
World War 1.
For some of the awards, it is difficult to find the details of the specific act of bravery for which
an award was issued but some have been discovered in newspapers.
In November 1917, news was published about Henry Oxley,
who was born near Sheffield, moved to Trumpington and
married the sister of Walter Peters, the Reservist who had
been involved in mine sweeping off the Scottish coast.

"Sergeant-Major H. Oxley of the King's Royal Rifle Corps,
a Walkley man, has been awarded a bar to his Distinguished
Conduct Medal. A brave soldier, Sergeant-Major Oxley has
had recognition of his valuable services during each of the
last three years. In 1915 he was awarded a certificate "for
gallant and meritorious service" in holding a trench against
the enemy at Hooge; in 1916 he gained the D. C. M. for
bravery during an attack by the Germans on a British
position, and his bar is awarded for good work done last
year - "conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in
successfully getting up rations under great difficulty. Later,
though severely wounded, he refused to go down until the
other wounded had been attended to; before leaving, he sent
an orderly to the officer with a report on the situation."
Source:
Sheffield Evening Telegraph, Saturday 23 March
1918, p. 4.
Sergeant-Major H. Oxley, Sheffield Evening Telegraph, published in 1916.
Sergeant-Major H. Oxley,
Sheffield Evening Telegraph,
published in 1916.
Another account of bravery was published in August 1917.

Albert Mynott, 19, the draper’s assistant, who enlisted very
early and whose letter from the Front was quoted above.

"Sergt A. Mynott of the Cambs Regt, son of Mr and Mrs
Mynott, of Trumpington, who was severely wounded in the
right thigh on July 31st, is now lying in Dunston War
Hospital, Northampton. He has been awarded the Military
Medal. He had a party of 50 men pushing some deadly gas
cylinders on a light railway over a bridge up to the line,
when the enemy opened fire as the men were crossing. It
was dangerous to leave the cylinders, our own troops might
have been gassed. Sergt Mynott rallied the men, who had
scattered, and got the cylinders over the bridge out of danger
without mishap. Sergt Mynott joined the Forces in August
1914 and has served 2 1/2 years in France. He is 21 years of
age." Source:
Cambridge Chronicle, 31 August 1917, p. 8.
Sergt A. Mynott, Trumpington (Cambs Regiment), wounded and awarded Military Medal, Cambridge Chronicle, 12 September 1917, p. 7.
Sergt A. Mynott, Trumpington
(Cambs Regiment), wounded and
awarded Military Medal,
Cambridge Chronicle, 12
September 1917, p. 7.
Further Rolls of Honour

Two more Roll of Honour boards were unveiled in the parish church and reproduced in the
Cambridge Chronicle.
Cambridge Chronicle, 6 September 1916, p. 7.
The second Roll of Honour was
unveiled in September 1916, listing
Men of Trumpington who joined H.
M. Forces after August 29 1915,
including conscripted men.
Cambridge Chronicle,
6 September 1916, p. 7.
Cambridge Chronicle, 18 March 1918, p. 7.
The third Roll of Honour to be
placed in Trumpington Church was
unveiled in March 1918, with Men of
Trumpington who joined H. M.
Forces after September 3, 1916.
Cambridge Chronicle,
18 March 1918, p. 7.
At the end of the War, a single list was produced taking the names from the three Roll of Honour
boards plus additional names (including men who had joined H.M. Forces after March 1918). An
asterisk* marks those who lost their lives while in service. This is the plaque displayed on the
wall in the Village Hall Committee Room.
Village Hall Committee Room: Roll of Honour.
Village Hall Committee Room: Roll of Honour.
Women and the War

There are no names of women on the Roll of Honour boards but we know that Beatrice Mabel
Cousins and Mrs Winifred Edith Chapman joined the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps: the
former served from February 1918 to June 1919 and latter served from May 1918 to December
1919.
There is information about Trumpington
women involved with the Red Cross Society
Voluntary Aid Detachments (VAD) in events of
1913.

A military parade in June 1913. A parade with
the local units of the Territorial Force and
National Reserves and the VAD of the Red
Cross Society on Parker’s Piece.
The report refers to unregistered women from
Trumpington, Cambridge Borough, Fulbourn,
etc. (their commandants - Mrs Hartree and
Miss Pemberton, of Trumpington).
Cambridge Independent Press, 20 June 1913, p. 5.
Cambridge Independent Press, 20 June 1913, p. 5.
Cambridge Independent Press,
20 June 1913, p. 5.
There is also a report of Red Cross Field Days
in 1913.

“Trumpington women and Trumpington,
Newton, Histon, and Cambridge Borough men
also took part, but not as detachments.”
Cambridge Independent Press, 14 November 1913, p. 7.
Cambridge Independent Press, 14 November 1913, p. 7.
Cambridge Independent Press,
14 November 1913, p. 7.
Voluntary workers are mentioned in an August
1914 item describing the early development of
the Cambridge military hospital, which
developed as the 1st Eastern General Hospital.

"Arrangements for the accommodation of a
very large number of wounded in the event of
Cambridge being established as a base hospital,
are now in a very forward state, and hospital
wards, completely equipped, have been fitted
up in many of the colleges. A full staff of
medical men, nurses, and assistants is in
readiness for any emergency.
…Scores of voluntary workers in Cambridge
and the county are busy making articles of
clothing, etc. for use in hospitals. The
Voluntary Aid Detachments are all ready, and
have been busily engaged for some time past…"
Cambridge Independent Press, 14 August 1914, p. 5.
Cambridge Independent Press,
14 August 1914, p. 5.
Who were these women? Who were these voluntary workers? I was unable to find information
in local newspapers about specific Trumpington volunteers/Red Cross Voluntary Aid
Detachment members (VADs).  However, I discovered in 2015 that the British Red Cross was in
the process of producing a database of
World War 1 Volunteers and I was soon able to draw out
copies of index cards showing the activities of a previously hidden group of women. Here is a
sample of those index cards.
Mrs Ethel Bilderbeck, Bentley Road
– A home worker since 1914 doing a
great amount of making and
mending for 1st Eastern General
Hospital.
British Red Cross index card, Mrs Ethel Bilderbeck.
British Red Cross index card,
Mrs Ethel Bilderbeck.
Mrs Eliza Chapman, 4 Alpha
Terrace – Nursing since 1914 and
meeting convoys at the station,
Number of hours served – 1675 hrs
(indicated on back of card – nursing
at Huntly VAD Hospital, Herschel
Rd). Mrs Chapman's sons were
Herbert Chapman, compositor,
CUP, Territorial and Cambridgeshire
Regiment, and Ernest Chapman,
Royal Garrison Artillery – awarded
Military Medal.
British Red Cross index card,
Mrs Eliza Chapman.
British Red Cross index card, Mrs Eliza Chapman.
Mrs Grace Harriot Foster, Anstey
Hall – Head of Working Party -
mending clothes for 1st Eastern
General Hospital 17 May 1916 –;
Number of hours served – 792 hrs.
Several hrs at Red X Depot Camb;
Queen Mary Guild Ln; Canteen wk
Tadworth.
Mrs Foster's family:  Lieutenant
Foster, Suffolk Yeomanry/President
of the V.T.C.; VAD Nurse Miss
Helen Mary Finch Foster at Shelford
Red Cross Auxiliary Hospital; and
Lieutenant Charles Finch Foster,
(Queen's Royal) Lancers. Charles
was killed in action on 27 March
1918.
British Red Cross index card,
Mrs Grace Harriot Foster.
British Red Cross index card, Mrs Grace Harriot Foster.
There were cards for 13 members of the Working Party and also index cards for Mrs Rose
Mynott, a cook at 1st Eastern General Hospital; Mrs Alice Caroline Browne, a masseuse at
Shelford Red Cross Auxiliary Hospital; and other nurses, including Mrs Foster’s daughter, who
also worked at Shelford Hospital; also for some men who acted as VAD drivers.


Community Involvement

Newspaper accounts showed that the general population of Trumpington were involved in war
related charitable deeds, including support for a family of Belgian refugees.
27 Nov 1914: Belgian Refugees. There is one
family of Belgian refugees resident in this place,
a house having been taken and furnished for
them on [27] Shelford Road. They are
Monsieur Latour and family. Practically the
whole of the residents in the parish are
contributing in some way or other towards the
refugee fund which is being raised to assist the
poor Belgians.
Cambridge Chronicle, 27 November 1914, p. 7.
Cambridge Chronicle,
27 November 1914, p. 7.
22 Jan 1915: Belgian Refugees. Various
schemes for the assistance of these are afloat,
and one of the latest and perhaps most useful is
a French class promoted by Miss Pemberton,
of Trumpington Hall. A Belgian schoolmaster (a
refugee) is staying at Great Shelford, and in
order to assist him and his family, and at the
same time instruct anyone who desires it, a
class has been arranged for Thursdays at
Trumpington Hall. We understand about 15
attended last week. [This would have enabled
Monsieur Latour to earn some money.]
Cambridge Chronicle, 22 January 1915, p. 7.
Cambridge Chronicle,
22 January 1915, p. 7.
3 Mar 1915: CONCERT. An exceedingly successful concert, organised by Mrs J. Collin, was
held in the schoolroom on Wednesday, the proceeds being donated to the Trumpington Belgian
Relief Fund. The room was crowded, amongst those present being Monsieur Latour and family,
the Belgian guests, for whose benefit the concert was arranged… "The artistes were exceedingly
entertaining and the evening opened with the National Anthems of Russia, Belgium and France
by Miss Wallis (violin) and Mrs Baillie (piano) ..." Source:
Cambridge Independent Press, 5
March 1915, p. 8.

There was news of another charitable act on 22 December 1916.

"Christmas Parcels - With the proceeds of the jumble sale held last October, augmented by a
collection in church, a parcel has been sent to every man of Trumpington serving with His
Majesty's Forces. The work of organising the distribution was kindly undertaken by Mrs G.R.C.
Foster, of Anstey Hall.
The parcels to the men in the Expeditionary Force, to the number of about 60, were comprised
chiefly of foodstuffs, consisting of a tin of each of the following: sweets, sausages, pineapple,
salmon, potted meat, and soup squares, whilst a pipe was inserted in each, generously provided
by Mr G.R.C. Foster.
The parcels were dispatched by order, from Messrs. Hallack and Bond, and a large number have
already reached their destination, as each post brings grateful thanks from men in the trenches,
showing their great appreciation of the good things. One writes: "It’s very good of the people to
think of us boys out here. It’s a very nice parcel indeed, and we’re going to enjoy it together in
our dug-out."
The parcels for men in Great Britain (about 50) vary from those sent abroad, and are being
packed by Mrs Foster. Each parcel contains a card, with 'From the people of Trumpington' on
it.” Source:
Cambridge Independent Press, 22 December 1916, p. 8.


End of the War

Finally the end of fighting, with the Armistice on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th
month, 1918.

The Treaty of Versailles was signed on 28th June 1919 and, in the UK, 19th July was declared
to be Peace Day and a Public Holiday. In London there was a victory parade. The Cambs. Regt.
were invited to send a colour party to take part. The end point of the parade was in Whitehall at
a monument to those killed and wounded. This was Lutyens’ temporary wood and plaster
Cenotaph. It was replaced by the Portland stone Cenotaph the following year.

Peace Day Celebrations were widely held on that day.

On the 7th July the Trumpington Parish Council resolved itself into a committee for the purpose
of making arrangements for 19th… It was decided to entertain to a meat tea all returned soldiers
and sailors, women who had been in the Forces … They arranged a programme for the day:
10am short thanksgiving service followed by 10.30am cricket match Married versus Single
(Singles won); 2pm onwards 15 sports events on the Recreation Ground with children’s tea at
4pm; later about 600 people sat down to a meat tea – “plenty of food, although a little more
sugar would have been acceptable”; and, in the evening, the grounds of Trumpington Hall and
Anstey Hall were thrown open to the parishioners for dancing. Sources:
Cambridge Independent
Press
, 25 July 1919, p. 9; Cambridge Chronicle, 23 July 1919, p. 12.

Trumpington War Memorial

On Sunday 11 December 1921, the Trumpington War Memorial was unveiled. A detailed report
in the newspaper described the church service and subsequent procession and unveiling of the
Trumpington war memorial at Cross Hill.
Cambridge Chronicle, 14 December 1921, p. 8.
In the church, pews in front of the ex-Service
men were left empty – in respect for their
comrades who had lost their lives during the
war. The Lord Lieutenant, Mr Charles Adeane,
performed the unveiling and Captain Dennis
Ginn read the names of the 36 men
commemorated on the memorial. A large laurel
wreath from the relatives of the fallen was
placed on the memorial by Mrs Pemberton
(whose only son had been killed in action) and
Mr Joseph Wilson (who had lost three sons).
The Comrades’ wreath was placed on behalf of
ex-Service men by Mr Harry Peters (who had
lost two brothers in the war). [Captain Francis
Pemberton; and Robert Wilson, one of Joseph
Wilson’s sons, and Frank Peters, one of Harry
Peters’ brothers, who were on that first list of
men enlisting at the Corn Exchange in 1914.]

The Cambridge Town Silver Band had played a
slow march for the procession from the church
to Cross Hill. Was Christopher Gowland among
them, playing his euphonium? No. His name
was on the memorial. He had died in a casualty
clearing station, in France, three weeks after
Armistice.

Source:
Cambridge Chronicle, 14 December
1921, p. 8.
Extract from detailed report in Cambridge
Chronicle
, 14 December 1921, p. 8.
Cambridge Chronicle, 21 December 1921, p. 9.
Cambridge Chronicle,
21 December 1921, p. 9.
Further information

I hope this has shown how the wider Trumpington Community was involved in war related
activities. For more stories, please look at this website, under ‘Subjects’ and ‘World War One’.
There is a gateway to the ‘
Trumpington Community’ leading to specific records on the IWM
Lives of the First World War database.

There are two groups of names at the gateway:-
Group 1 - those of the 189 men who have an entry on the ‘Roll of Honour’ plaque. There are
links to 'IWM Lives' records for 164 of these men, giving biographical (family and military)
information. Unfortunately, although family details are known for most of the remaining 25 men,
we have been unable to trace a specific military record for them.

Group 2 - names are of 113 men and women who were not included on the Roll of
Honour but who had a strong connection with Trumpington and have been identified as having
served during WWI. This group includes the women in the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps,
men and women of the Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) service and men of the Trumpington
Volunteer Training Corps (VTC).

It is here where answers to the question ‘What did YOU do in the War?’ may be found for
Trumpington families.

Many thanks to Edmund Brookes, Randall Evans and Andrew Roberts for their assistance in
reading the letters from the Front and other scripts. Also many thanks to Andrew Roberts for
editing and reformatting my text to make it suitable for the Trumpington Local History Group
website.

See below for:
Addendum 1. Prisoners of War: arranged by date taken as prisoner
Addendum 2. Military Awards and Decorations: with details of award where known
Addendum 3. Names on Trumpington War Memorial: arranged by date of death

Addendum 1. Prisoners of War: arranged by date taken as prisoner

1916
20 Jul 1916 Robert Rayner (2nd Suffolk); Longueval

1917
19 Jan 1917 Armond Frederick Cannell (7th Bedfordhire); Cambrai/Miraumont, Somme;  
injured hand
26 Sep 1917 Albert Gordon Medhurst (1st Cambridgeshire); Ypres;  head wound
14 Oct 1917 John Peters (8th Norfolk); Poelcapelle
30 Nov 1917 George Herbert Pamplin (7th Suffolk); Cambrai
30 Nov 1917  Frederick Smith (Royal Field Artillery); Cambrai

1918
21 Mar 1918 William Gladstone Day (7th Rifle Brigade); Saint Quentin
23 Mar 1918 Ernest Robert Haslop (3rd London Royal Fusiliers); Fartner?
27 Mar 1918 Herbert Haslop (7th Norfolk); Albert
28 Mar 1918 Allen Thomas Starr (2nd Suffolk); Wancourt;  chest wound


Addendum 2. Military Awards and Decorations: with details of award where known

Distinguished Conduct Medal and Bar

Henry Oxley
Sheffield Evening Telegraph, Saturday 23 March 1918, p.4
In 1915 he was awarded a certificate "for gallant and meritorious service" in holding a trench
against the enemy at Hooge; in 1916 he gained the D. C. M. for bravery during an attack by the
Germans on a British position, and his bar is awarded for good work done last year -
"conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty in successfully getting up rations under great
difficulty. Later, though severely wounded, he refused to go down until the other wounded had
been attended to; before leaving, he sent an orderly to the officer with a report on the situation."

Distinguished Conduct Medal

William John Matthews
Cambridge Independent Press, Friday 23 August 1918 p.6
For conspicuous gallantry on the field, 9th to 15th April, he received a letter of congratulation
from the General, and the D. C. M., in addition to which he was promoted to Lieut.

Meritorious Service Medal

George Blows

Frederick Smith

Military Cross

Cecil Baron Briggs

Military Medal

Frank Stanley Blows

Ernest Chapman

Reginald Cousins
Cambridge Independent Press, Friday 26 July 1918 p.5,
Pte. Reginald Cousins of Trumpington has also won the Military Medal for good deeds and
patrolling work during the German advance of the 15th-16th April.

James Henry Kitson
Extract from description of Auction Lot No. 561 of Lockdales Auction 107, Coins &
Collectables, 14th and 15th September 2013
MM Gazetted 23rd July 1919. Possibly for Auby 14/10/1918.

William John Matthews
Cambridge Independent Press, Friday 23 August 1918 p.6
Pte. (now Lieut.) W. J. Matthews, of Trumpington, Cambs Regiment, was awarded the Military
Medal for excellent work as a runner on 21st March.

Albert Mynott
Cambridge Chronicle, 31 August 1917 p.8
He has been awarded the Military Medal. He had a party of 50 men pushing some deadly gas
cylinders on a light railway over a bridge up to the line, when the enemy opened fire as the men
were crossing. It was dangerous to leave the cylinders, our own troops might have been gassed.
Sergt Mynott rallied the men, who had scattered, and got the cylinders over the bridge out of
danger without mishap.

Richard Pettitt
Cambridge Independent Press, Friday 20 October 1916, p.8:
Sergt. R. Pettitt, of the Suffolk Regiment, who was awarded the Military Medal for bravery in
the field on the first day of the great advance,

Bertram Herbert Whiting


Addendum 3. Names on Trumpington War Memorial: arranged by date of death

1914
19 Oct Francis Percy Campbell Pemberton 29

1915
22 Jul Herbert William Green 24
13 Aug Arthur Charles Haslop 27
23 Oct Raymond Frank Trigg 19

1916
23 May Anthony Isaacson 24
1 Jul Robert Wilson 32
3 Aug William Flack 25
30 Aug James Richard Wilson 20
26 Sep Harold Scott 20
27 Sep Bertie Charles Marshall King 22
9 Nov Sidney Ilett Peters 25
19 Nov Arthur Scates 25
7 Dec George Newns Day 23

1917
21 May Arthur Hugh Bales Chaplin 41
15 Aug Bertie Harry Matthews 22
2 Sep Arthur Edward Smith 35
4 Sep Herbert Chapman 35
26 Sep Charles Montague Chaplin 35
26 Sep Michael Charles Metcalfe 32
30 Sep William Rhodes Harrod 34
10 Oct Charles Frederick Hicks 25
16 Oct Frank Mynott 19
2 Dec William James Brown 19

1918
8 Feb Joseph Whittamore 36
26 Mar Robert Flack 24
27 Mar Charles Finch Foster 20
31 Mar Edward Jasper Gray 20
1 Apr William Robert Iles 32
3 May George Freestone 38
8 Aug Maurice Gray 28
5 Sep Henry William Huckle 32
21 Sep William Wilson 27
23 Sep Frank Peters 32
28 Sep Ernest Stearn 30
4 Nov Albert Charles Wilson 29
2 Dec Christopher Gowland 24


Additional sources

Trumpington Community on IWM Lives of the First World War
http://www.trumpingtonlocalhistorygroup.org/subjects_LivesWWI.html

Lives of the First World War. Imperial War Museum  
https://livesofthefirstworldwar.org/

Volunteers during the First World War, British Red Cross
http://www.redcross.org.uk/About-us/Who-we-are/History-and-origin/First-World-
War/Volunteers-during-WW1

Cambridgeshire Kitcheners: a history of the 11th (Service) Battalion (Cambs) Suffolk
Regiment
, by Joanna Costin: Barnsley, S. Yorkshire, Pen & Sword Military, 2016

First Eastern General Hospital: items held in the Cambridgeshire Collection.
Trumpington Prisoners of War, World War 1.