|Trumpington Local History Group
the Shell Site
For a relatively small
and compact area, the
Shell site on
Street has seen a
surprisingly wide range
of services provided by
entrepreneurs from the
early 20th century.
This article is one of a
series about traders
based on a presentation
given at a Group
meeting on 11 October
|The Shell filling station after renovation. Photo:
Andrew Roberts, 13 May 2012.
The woodyard was at the site where the Shell petrol station now stands; a somewhat inadequate
name for an important establishment which operated in deceptively ramshackle premises with its
great tree standing at the front. From the early 1900s, Edwin Smith with, later, his sons Gordon
and Cliff, both County cricketers of note, demonstrated great skill and resourcefulness in their
Trumpington in Old
|Advertisement for E.J.
Smith & Sons,
They were, amongst other things, fencers, carpenters, wheelwrights, cart builders and coffin
makers and undertakers. Their World War One effort included the manufacture of munitions
boxes. Those were the days before specialized power tools and machinery, so they would
invent and improvise certain tools of their trade.
The photograph below shows ladders with rungs crafted from old cartwheel wooden spokes â€“
an early example of recycling. The ends of the rungs would be shaped to a point using a
machine invented by them, like a huge pencil sharpener.
The quality of their products was evident when Selfridges in London sold their wheelbarrows,
and the gate at the churchyard remains today as further testimony to their skills.
The Woodyard closed down in the 1950s, with its carpentry business moving to the Smithy at
the junction with Church Lane.
|E.I. Smith & Sons,
Trumpington High Street,
1920s. From a
photograph used by
Percy Robinson during
lectures in the
Harry Newell & Sons
Another stalwart Trumpington entrepreneur was Harry Newell, whose original shop stood on
the High Street in front of the building now occupied by Noel Youngâ€™s and the Pharmacy.
From the 1900s, Harry ran a business every bit as versatile and inventive as the Smithsâ€™.
In the early days, H.J. Newell & Sons was a cycle shop, described in advertisements as The
Old Pound Cycle Depot, a reference to a previous use of this area. This old postcard picture
shows Harry proudly posing with his pet dog in the doorway of the modest brick and wood built
premises, its windows chock-a-block with cycling accessories. Next door, on the left, is the old
lock-up, a rare example of its kind.
|Harry Newell in front
of his shop. Source:
Trumpington in Old
In the 1920s, the shop had expanded upwards and outwards to become a garage, complete with
petrol pumps and adorned with signs advertising both Shell and BP as well as oil, tyres and
cigarettes. My favourite sign is "Michelin Zig- Zag Tyres", perhaps an indication of the
product's efficiency! Harry's press advertisements loudly proclaimed "Bowser Petrol Pumps",
presumably to distinguish them from the somewhat primitive hand-pumps of that era.
|The extended Newell's
|Advertisement for H.J.
Newell & Sons,
All this justified Harry elevating his title to 'Motor Engineer and Cycle Agent'. Nevertheless, he
still sold paraffin which he stored in the adjacent old lock-up.
An important part of Harry's enterprise was a taxi hire service. His preference was for large,
versatile cars - for example, one that, by temporarily removing seats, could be converted into a
hearse. By arrangement with his neighbour in the Woodyard, a coffin would be transferred from
the car to a hand-cart which was then pushed by Mr Smith to the church.
In this photograph, a young Frank, later Sir Frank, Whittle, the aeronautical engineer, is topping
up his petrol tank. He, of course, went on to invent the turbo-jet engine, perhaps inspired by the
impressive exhaust system on the sporty car! The photograph was probably taken in the 1930s
when Frank Whittle was reading Science at Cambridge University. Prior to that, he was a
fighter pilot and test pilot in the RAF.
In 1957, the whole area was demolished, woodyard, garage, old lock-up and all, to make way
for the modern Shell station. The building which now comprises Noel Young's and the
Pharmacy was built and Harry Newell's business re-housed in its southern half. Again, Harry
demonstrated his versatility by setting up his new shop to sell an impressive array of goods
including, in addition to cycles and spares, hardware, ironmongery, stains, paints, polishes,
garden tools and seeds. How far from Trumpington must we travel today to buy such essentials?
|Frank Whittle at Newell's
for H.J. Newell &
Noel Young Wines, Gregory's Pharmacy and the Thatched Cottage
After Harry Newell began his well-earned retirement, the shop at number 54 High Street
accommodated a disparate string of trades including electrical contractor, haberdasher,
auctioneers and leisurewear outlet. Things stabilised in 1992, when fine wine retailer and
wholesaler, Noel Young established his acclaimed business. Among the many awards won by
Noel Young is International Wine Challenge's title "Merchant of the Year 2003". He also
became their "East of England Merchant of the Year" no fewer than eleven times.
|Noel Young Wines,
and the thatched
cottage. Jo Elliot.
Next door, number 56, became Trumpington's first Pharmacy, the first chemist being Harold
Moore seen here on the right with the young-looking pair Jeff and Karen Gregory who took over
the business on Harold's retirement in 1986. The Gregorys have re-designed the interior and
enhanced the Pharmacy by installing patients' computerised medication records with a direct link
to the Trumpington Surgery. After Jeff gained further qualification, an Optician's service was
installed, complete with state-of-the-art testing and diagnostic equipment resembling something
out of 'StarWars'!
|Jeff Gregory, Karen
Gregory and Harold
Moore on Harold
The only remaining historic building on the Shell site is the late 18th or early 19th century
thatched cottage to the right of the pharmacy. In the 1930s, Herbert Gentle was tenant and, as a
tailor, may have conducted his business there. For many years the house was known as Gentle's
Cottage. In 1977, the cottage was converted into an art gallery and picture framers, the business
moving to Mitcham's Corner in Chesterton, east Cambridge, in 1993 where it still trades as
'Trumpington Gallery', perhaps as a tribute to our village.